F. 運輸及基礎建設項目TRANSPORT & INFRASTRUCTURE
FULI RAILWAY STATION
臺灣花蓮縣富里鄉 Fuli Township, Hualien Country, Taiwan
常式建築師事務所 OASIStudio, Design|Architecture|Research
Railway station, the extension of the context
FULI, meaning the affluent ground, is located in the very south of Hualien county, a remote small town with sparse population.
Fuli station is one of the least freight capacities among the east railway stations in Taiwan. However, this station serves as the only entrance to the rich rice-growing area. The main purpose to rebuild station is to improve its function and exterior image, meanwhile to upgrade station facilities cooperating with railway electrification. The station is a stop along the railway as well the coherent point of the town, where people seeing-off their home and miss the smell of their land.
We integrate the surrounding areas with a simple yet identifiable volume so that the whole new fabrication can gently merge into the peaceful country landscape. We consider the new station as “barn on the earth”, which retains a modest posture to response the surroundings like the old time. Yellow granite is used as the very skin of exterior walls to answer the colour tone of Fuli, which changes its appearance accordingly with sun, cloud, rain and fog.
This is a quiet and poise stage, belongs to travelers and those away from home.
TAIYUAN SOUTH RAILWAY STATION
山西省太原市小店區南站核心區 Shanxi province Taiyuan Xiaodian area south train station core area
中南建築設計院股份有限公司 Central-South Architectural Design Institute Co., Ltd.
Wooden architecture from Tang dynasty has been preserve at Shanxi province around Taiyuan area. In the process of urban renewal, the new Taiyuan station should emphasized the application of modern construction technology and continues the historical culture of the city, the inheritance of regional culture. The station building adopts the steel structure unit that is been rarely using for the transport architecture in the county. The green building design strategy of “passiveness first, active optimization” is used to combine the unit and passive energy-saving technologies such as building sun-shading by itself, natural ventilation and lighting, to make the new transportation hub Taiyuan South Railway Station a model of green ecological passenger station.
BEIJING SOUTH STATION
北京市東區南二環開揚道 Kaiyang Road, South 2nd Ring, East District of Beijing, Beijing
TFP Farrells Limited
在過去十年間，中國投入大量的資金修建龐大的高速鐵路 (HSR) 網絡以促進經濟一體化和城市發展。自2003年第一條專用高速鐵路開通以來，中國已經修建了總長度達19,000公里的鐵路，形成世界上最長的高速鐵路網。
為了將首都納入高速鐵路網中，北京需要修建一個新的火車站 – 同時也是北京最大的火車站。為了將北京市其餘的部分與此地區樞紐聯通起來，這個超級車站下方建有兩條地鐵線。受北京的地標 – 天壇和中國其他傳統圖案的啟發，車站頂的造型是車站最引人注目的亮點，上可追溯到維多利亞時代，火車旅遊的鼎盛時期。
在城市規模內，車站跨越兩大軸線的交點 : 北京市的主要路網和地鐵系統的對角線。穿過車站的行人樞紐四通八達，有助於促進現有鄰近社區的發展。
Over the past decade China has invested heavily in an extensive high speed rail (HSR) network to promote economic integration and urban growth. Since the first dedicated HSR opened in 2003, the country has built a staggering 19,000 kilometres of track, forming the world’s longest HSR network.
To integrate the Capital with this network Beijing needed a new railway station – its largest. To connect the rest of the city to this regional hub the station serves two metro lines beneath the massive station. Inspired by the Temple of Heaven and other traditional Chinese motifs, the roofline is the station’s most visually striking feature, harking back to the grand old Victorian stations of railway travel’s golden age.
At the urban scale, the station negotiates the intersection of two axes: Beijing’s cardinal grid and the diagonal alignment of the railway. Pedestrian linkage through the station maintained connectivity, helping to promote regeneration of the existing adjacent communities.
In light of the station’s immense scale, the solution to coping with intense projected patronage figures was a hybridisation of railway station and airport typologies. Beijing South incorporates new thinking in station design to maximise efficient mass passenger movement, segregating arrivals and departures below and above the tracks to allow people to board and alight trains in the shortest distances and times possible.
源 ▪ 區
T ▪ PARK
香港屯門稔灣路25號 No. 25 Nim Wan Road, Tsang Tsui, Tuen Mun, Hong Kong
Vasconi Architectes by Thomas Schinko
A NEW GENERATION OF INDUSTRIAL FACILITIES IN HARMONY WITH THE ENVIRONMENT THAT BENEFITS THE COMMUNITY
HKSTF is a key project of the Hong Kong governmental waste management concept. It is located in the western part of the New Territories, facing South China Sea and embedded in a green and hilly environment of low density. The design and shape of the building is inspired by both surroundings landscape and waterfront. It seeks perfect fusion into the context. Its timeless architectural and landscape design adopts a wave-form and streamlined design for the main building. Under the wave roofs are located the two plant halls including sludge bunker, deodorization, incinerator, boiler and gas flue treatment: the form of the roof follows the function of the interior, which is a process driven design approach. Processes are happening inside the plants thus avoiding olfactory or noise pollution towards the outside and the roof structure provides a clean appearance. A planted pergola structure covers delivery areas. The wave structure is composed of five ribbons, each of them having a different inclination and shape. The overlapping of these ribbons is creating illumination by skylights in the upper part of the roof.
SHENZHEN FUTIAN ZHAN TRANSPORTATION HUB
廣東省深圳市福田區 Futian, Guangdong, Shenzhen
中鐵第四勘察設計院集團有限公司 / 深圳大學建築設計研究院有限公司 China Railway Siyuan Survey And Design Group Co., Ltd. / Shenzhen University Institute Of Architecture Design & Research Co., Ltd.
福田站綜合交通樞紐工程共設出入口32 處，與出租、公交接駁口7 處。無障礙垂直電梯數量10 處。
福田站綜合交通樞紐工程總建築面積約275 500 ㎡。
Shenzhen Futian Zhan transportation hub is an underground complex traffic interchange station, which locates under the intersection of Shennan Road and Yitian Road, Shenzhen.
Based on national high speed railway passenger dedicated line - Guangshengang railway Futian Station, Futian Zhan transportation hub connects to 1 railway station, 3 metro stations, 1 bus terminal, 3 taxi stops, shops and catering places.
There are over 32 entrances and 10 barrier-free lifts for pedestrians entering the
underground hub, and 7 exits for passengers to take buses and taxis. Passengers can
transfer in different public traffic means within 5 mins.
Shenzhen Futian Zhan transportation hub is 1032m long, 712.3m wide, and its building area is over 275 500 ㎡. It has three subterranean stories. The deepest level of the station is 32m underground.
XIAMEN NORTH STATION OF FUZHOU-XIAMEN HIGH SPEED RAILWAY
福建省廈門市集美區 Jimei District, Xiamen
中南建築設計院股份有限公司 Central-South Architectural Design Institute Co., Ltd.
XIAMEN North Station is an important junction hub on the Fu-Xia high-speed railway line from Fuzhou to Xiamen and the largest comprehensive transportation hub in the southeast coastal area of China integrating the functions of railways, interstate highways and urban roads, long-distance coach, rail transport transfer and commercial services as a whole. (The annual average passenger number has reached 11 million.)
By using the “swallow-tail ridge” of local residence in South Fujian, the architectural form not only reflects the local culture features, but also fully reflects the true and reasonable structural load bearing at the same time. A light roof reflecting the aesthetic of structural mechanics is created by using the spatial-truss-supported curved-surface space frame structure system. The main roof span at 132 meters by 220 meters is the longest single span in the world among those railway stations already constructed.
Energy-saving concept roots in the whole process of design. The most advanced natural light system, sun shading system, ventilation system and thermal pressure driven natural ventilation system are applied to the new railway station.
ZHENGZHOU XINZHENG INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT TERMINAL 2 AND GROUND TRANSPORTATION CENTER (GTC)
河南省鄭州市新鄭國際機場 Xinzheng International Airport Xinzheng, Zhengzhou
中國建築東北設計研究院有限公司 China Northeast Architectural Design & Research Institute Co., Ltd
1. 集約程度高 - GTC是高集約化的綜合樞紐，集航空、城鐵、地鐵、地面交通於一體，空陸無縫換乘中心。
2. 重視環保節能 - 在綠色方面，採用了多項成熟的節能技術，如可再回收利用的玻璃、鋼材、石膏等建築材料的採用，高效能的建築設備等等。
3. 個性化空間設計 - 在建築空間、室內設計等方面為旅客創造具有地域特色、獨特性的空間體驗。
Including terminal 2 and ground transportation center (GTC), this project was the 2nd phase of Zhengzhou Airport which is now one of the airline hub in China.
Project features are:
1 Highly Intensification - Air, Rail, metro and vehicle circulations are all seamlessly intensified in ground transportation center.
2 Sustainability - Lots of mature technologies were introduced in sustainable design, such as recyclable glass, steel and plaster, high efficiency equipment, etc.
3 Identified Interior - The space and interior design of airport demonstrates regional characteristics and unique experiences.